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What are Millets?

Millets are a group of highly variable small-seeded grasses. These tiny grains are gluten-free and packed with vitamins and minerals.

Millets are widely grown worldwide as cereal crops or grains for fodder or human food. These can withstand dry and high-temperature conditions, yet yield well.

Type of Millets:-

  1. Sorghum (Jowar)
  2. Pearl Millet (Bajra)
  3. Finger Millet (Ragi)
  4. Foxtail Millet
  5. Barnyard Millet
  6. Kodo Millet
  7. Little Millet
  8. Proso Millet

Jowar, Ragi, and Bajra are some common types of millets grown in India. Jowar helps in weight loss, whereas ragi has high amount of calcium.

 

Benefits of millets in daily diet:

  1. Help fight Type 2 Diabetes.
  2. Millets are as nutritious as fruits and vegetables.
  3. Help fight heart diseases and help to prevent Gallstones.
  4. Millets are alkaline and digest easily.
  5. It has serotonin, which soothes mood and hydrate colon.
  6. Millets help protect against childhood asthma.
  7. Millets do not feed pathogenic yeast (candida) and act as prebiotic to feed important microflora in humans’ inner ecosystem.
  8. Millets are full of nutrients human bodies need:
  1. Magnesium – Help reduce the effect of a migraine and heart attack.
  2. Calcium
  3. Manganese
  4. Fiber – Protect against breast cancer.
  5. Vitamin B – Niacin (Vitamin B3) in millet can help lower cholesterol.
  6. Antioxidants
  7. Phosphorus – Helps with fat metabolism and body tissue repair / helps in creating energy.
  8. Tryptophan

 

How can millets be used in daily life?

  1. Millets can replace rice and wheat from our daily meals.
  2. Millets can be used to make healthy appetizers.
  3. Baked millet snacks are easy and quick to make and consume less oil.
  4. Maida used in pizza can be replaced with millet flour (Pizza crust can be made with foxtail and Kodo millets.)